Author: Candace Orbaugh, Sustainability Programs Manager
Five years after the decision to establish an international standard for occupational health and safety, ISO has now announced the approval of ISO 45001. The comprehensive revision of BS OHSAS 18001 didn’t just change its name; ISO 45001 has a High Level Structure providing uniform structure for all management systems standards.
ISO 45001 Info Series – Definitions
One feature of the ISO 45001 standard is that it includes some definitions that weren’t present in the old standard.
Worker: person performing work or work related activities that are controlled by the organization. This definition opens it up to include top management, managers, non-managers, contractors, temporary, agency workers, part-time, seasonal, paid or unpaid.
Participation: involvement in decision-making with further clarification as including engaging health and safety committees and workers’ representatives, where they exist. Consultation is defined as seeking views before making a decision including engaging health and safety committees and workers’ representatives, where they exist.
Objective: simply defined by the standard as “result to be achieved” is that an objective can be expressed in other ways, e.g. as an intended outcome, a purpose, an operational criterion, as an OH&S objective or by the use of other words with similar meaning (e.g. aim, goal, or target).
Occupational health and safety risk: the combination of the likelihood of occurrence of a work-related hazardous event or exposure and the severity of injury and ill health that can be caused by the event or exposure.
Injury and ill health: adverse effect on the physical, mental or cognitive condition of a person. These adverse effects include occupational disease, illness and death.
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