Originally designed as a means to provide safe foods for space flight, it is a systematic, preventive approach to food safety and determines the physical, chemical, and biological hazards in an effort to prevent contamination rather than finding it through finished product inspection. This method is useful at all stages of food production and preparation processes including packaging, processing, distribution, etc.
The Seven Principles of HACCP:
Principle 1: Conduct a hazard analysis
Principle 2: Identify critical control points
Principle 3: Establish critical limits for each critical control point
Principle 4: Establish critical control point monitoring requirements
Principle 5: Establish corrective actions
Principle 6: Establish procedures for ensuring the HACCP system is effective
Principle 7: Establish record keeping procedures
HACCP systems are widely recognized and accepted in the following industries:
- Seafood industry
- Fresh-cut product
- Meet and poultry products
- School Food and Services
- Dairy Industry
Additionally, HACCP is now being applied in the food packaging industry.
The implementation of a HACCP program involves monitoring, verifying and validating that the processes and procedures used to produce safe food products are effective.